The roof shingles are a vital part of the construction process. They are small rectangular tiles that are shaped to overlap and keep the rain flowing off the roof. Typically, shingles are made of bitumen or asphalt and are easy to install. Also, they aren’t too expensive, so if you notice any damaged shingles on your roof, don’t hesitate to replace them. If you leave even the smallest roof defects for long, you will be left with extensive damage and a heavy bill. Throughout this guide, we will take a look at everything you need, how to stay safe, and what needs doing before you can start the job.

Before You Get to the Shingles

  1. Before you start laying down shingles, you need to make sure the roof deck has been completed. If you’re laying your shingles over an existing roof, you need to check for quality and make sure the surface is flat.
  2. Further, you need to ensure that there is a felt underlay that isn’t damaged, especially for roofs of an under 1 in 5 gradient. The felt sheets need to overlap each other and be secured using a galvanized nail.
  3. Now, it’s time to fix the shingles. If you have any uneven surfaces on the decking, you will be able to tell once the shingles have been laid.

Preparation State

Before you start laying the shingles, you need to ensure that you’re working on a sufficient underlay. So, you should check for any loose nails or broken parts. You should also make sure that you have the correct type of adhesive for the shingles. Then, you need to gather together the tools for the job, as outlined below.

Things You Need

You don’t need many tools for the job, and you need to avoid taking unnecessary equipment up to the roof because you don’t want it to collapse before you even start. All you need to have up there are clout nails, roof shingles, a Stanley knife, and a detail strip.

Step by Step Instruction

Once you’ve gathered your materials together, you are ready to head up to the roof and start the process. However, make sure that you work from a stable ladder and that you only take up what you need. Also, to protect your head in the event of a fall, you should wear a safety helmet.

  1. First, you need to roll out the detail strip across the line of eaves. To fix, use nails on the top edge using 10mm clout nails. To help form the drip edge, you need to nail the strip to the fascia.
  2. Once you’ve laid down the detail strip, you need to position the shingles to be in line with the verge and eaves. When you lay the shingles, you will slot each row into place so that they overlap. To ensure alignment, you will open a guide slot at the top of the shingle. Ensuring everything is in straight lines is important and will improve your curb appeal.
  3. When it comes to securing the shingles, you will use a 20mm galvanized clout nail and apply it just above the bitumen adhesive strip. If you’ve done the job correctly, you should have five nails per adhesive strip.
  4. Now that you’ve secured the top, you need to seal the bottom of the shingle to the underlay. To do this, you will need a felt adhesive. All you need to do is lift the bottom of the shingle, apply, and stick down firmly.
  5. You need to lay the shingles diagonally across the roof while keeping them square.
  6. To join the overlapping shingle to the bottom, you need to use a powerful hot air gun to activate the adhesive strip. Once you’ve done this, you can firmly secure the shingles.
  7. Once you think the strip is dry, you need to check them to make sure. If you need some extra juice, then apply felt adhesive as you did previously.
  8. You need to follow this procedure all the way up to the top of the ridge. Then, you need to apply shingles to the ridge of the roof.
  9. Just as you did previously, you need to lay a detail strip over the ridge of the roof before you can lay the shingles.
  10. To apply shingles to the ridge, you need to ensure you have the right angle. Then, you will use felt adhesive to ensure there are no gaps between shingles.

Once you’ve finished the steps above, all you need to do is clean up any debris and ensure all nails a fully secure. Then, you can move on to flashing your roof before checking for waterproofness.

Roof construction is important for the home because it protects it from the outside and adds curb appeal. The shingles form the external barrier between the property and the house. Therefore, you need to make sure that you’ve followed all of the steps accurately. If you’re unsure, liaise with an expert.