How To Roof A House?

How To Roof A House1

Just wondering how to roof a house might make you feel burdened. You may, however, complete an easy roof installation if you’re prepared to put in the time and money, especially if you want to place a roof on a house that isn’t standard in size or style. You can set up or fix any roof if you have all the essential supplies and tools and pay close attention to detail.

Generally speaking, roofing a house entails more than merely installing external shingles. It also necessitates the cautious and meticulous installation of all other roof parts, such as metal flashing, underlayment, and ridge cap.

It also demands knowledge of the different materials used and how they combine to weatherproof your home.

Materials needed for roofing a house

You’ll need the following basic items to perform a thorough job of installing a new roof:

  • Asphalt or asphalt-composition shingles
  • Roofing nails
  • Flashing for vents and valleys
  • Drip edge
  • Roofing sealant
  • Self-adhesive waterproof underlayment
  • Felt paper

Since we’re considering the installation of a traditional residential roof, the primary material for the outside is asphalt or asphalt composition.

Asphalt (or asphalt-composition) materials are employed in the laying of roughly 80% of all residential roofs, with a lifespan of 20-25 years on average.

The tools you will need

  • The following is a list of the tools needed to replace your roof:
  • Hammer
  • Extension ladder
  • Roof harness (*for safety purposes*)
  • Chalk line
  • Scaffolding and tarpaulin (to protect from falling materials)
  • Work gloves utility knife
  • saw
  • Caulk gun (for adding sealant)
  • Straight edge
  • Tin snips
  • Air compressor or air hose (for removing debris)
  • Roofing stapler/nailer

If your house has a basic, traditional residential roof, adding a new roof will be a lot easier.

Notwithstanding, if your roof has a lot of structures, you’ll require the appropriate tools to cut and shape the flashing for an accurate fit, which is where the tin snips and circular saw come in handy.

How to Roof a House in 11 Easy Steps

1.            Obtain a permit

Check your local home construction codes and get all relevant permits before doing anything. The last thing you want is to begin roofing only to be forced to stop due to a lack of authorization. Different construction codes apply in each municipality, city, or township, and it is your responsibility to comply with them before you begin roofing your home.

2.            Get rid of the old roof.

The first and most apparent step is to clean and strip the old roof in readiness for putting the new one. Even if you’re merely replacing flashing and underlayment, you’ll first need to remove the old roof.

3.            Set up the underlayment

The next step is to cover the naked roof sheathing with a self-adhesive underlayment. Since it will operate as a shield against rain, wind, and snow, this underlayment has to be waterproof. Besides, certain building rules now specify how much underlayment must be used, as well as how much of the roof it ought to cover.

4.            Use tar paper to cover the underlayment.

The next thing to do is add another protective layer over the underlayment. You’ll need felt paper No. 15 or No. 13 (commonly known as “tar paper”), which you can get at most home improvement stores.

This felt is completely waterproof, as it has been treated with an asphalt or asphalt-composition mix. As you progress up the roof, ensure each consecutive layer overlaps by about 2 inches.

5.            Add flashing

The majority of homeowners choose to put drip edges flashing around the eaves of their new roof to make it seem as nice as possible.

To maintain this flashing in place, just nail it down. This drip edge keeps materials from curling above the edge of your roof and provides it with a lovely, finished appearance. After a strong storm or significant snowfall, you can also flash the roof’s valley, as this is where water seems to pool. Flashing is also required for any structures that protrude from the roof, such as chimneys or vents.

6.            Place the starter shingles

According to roofing experts, the “starter shingles” are the initial shingles installed on the roof. It’s critical to get their placement and orientation right because they’ll serve as the foundation for the subsequent rows you’ll be laying.

7.            Install the shingles

This is where you’ll start laying the external layer of your building’s roof. You only need to cut the tabs from the 3-tab forms and adhere them with their self-sealing adhesive coating as you prepare to set down the first row. Besides, ensure that the strips face down along the eaves.

8.            Nail down the layer

Roofs need to be as wind and rain resistant as possible, which means you’ll need to ensure your materials are securely fastened to the surface. This is accomplished by simply nailing them. Each layer of shingles should be nailed directly over the roof and flush with the previous ones.

9.            If necessary, add extra flashing

When it comes to installing a new roof, you can never be too diligent. You have to double-check that each structure or architectural flourish has been taken into account. As a result, dormer flashing is required at this time.

10.          Cap the ridge

The ridge is the roof’s highest point. This ridge is not difficult to spot on a conventional building since it is just the top section where the two sloping sides of the roof meet. The ridge must be capped to provide extra protection to the roof.

11.          Remove any dirt and seal any visible nails.

This final stage is essentially a clean-up step in which you attend to all of the minor details. For example, you may discover that some are still protruding, in which case you have to flatten everything with a hammer and seal up anything that is exposed.

Conclusion

The thought of roofing a house alone is somewhat overwhelming. However, if you follow these procedures to the letter, you will have no issue installing a roof that enhances its capabilities and durability. Notwithstanding, some roofing issues may necessitate the assistance of a professional. So, if you need a roofing installation service that is swift and effective, you may want to consider hiring expert roofing contractors.

How To Install Roll Roofing?

How To Install Roll Roofing1

If you have a structure with a flat roof or a shed that requires a roofing improvement, you might be curious to learn how to install roll roofing. It’s not only one of the easiest roof types to place but also one of the most cost-effective roofing options. Besides, the roofing material is simple to set up and does not demand advanced carpentry skills.

You should consider roll roofing as a practical alternative when aesthetics isn’t crucial; it’s made of materials comparable to composition shingles but isn’t as durable. However, it will last longer if you place roll roofing using the double-coverage approach.

You can utilize the exposed-nail strategy if the roof is slanted. Also, you can use double coverage on a flat or nearly flat roof, though a torch-down modified bitumen or EPDM roof is a superior option.

Expect to spend approximately half a day placing flashings and roll roofing for a 700-square-foot roof with minor complications, working with someone.   Only basic carpentry skills are required to install this roofing material, as it is the easiest of the roofing materials to place.

Where should roll roofing be used?

Residential roofs, in particular, are not suitable for roll roofing installation. Nevertheless, it is perfect for other functional structures. If you have a low-pitch roof, such as those on patios, sheds, garages, etc., you should consider installing it. Barns, businesses, outdoor workout buildings, and even children’s treehouses are all options for installing roll roofing.

The remarkable thing is that you can easily install it yourself if you wish. Just keep in mind that it’s better to do your project on a day when the temperature is over 50°F so that the material doesn’t become stiff and brittle.

The tools you need to install roll roofing include:

  • Hammer or power nailer
  • Measuring tape
  • Flat pry bar
  • Carpenter’s square
  • Tin snips
  • Utility knife
  • Chalkline 
  • Broom

The materials you need to install roll roofing include:

  • Flashing
  • Nails for flashing
  • Roofing felt or primer
  • Roll roofing
  • Nails long enough to poke through the sheathing
  • Roofing cement

Roof preparation

The next step is to prepare your roof before properly starting the installation. Here’s what you should do:

  1. Before starting the installation process, you ought to clean the roof thoroughly by removing any dirt, debris, or grime from the roof. A broom can be used to remove dirt and a leaf blower to remove leaves and debris. However, ensure you wear long pants and work gloves while cleaning. Avoid going on top of the roof to hose it, and stay in a secure place at all times.
  2. Also, make sure you have laid out all of the materials you will need. To keep the sheets in line, roll them out face down on the ground and use bricks on the ends.

How to install roll roofing in a few steps:

Step 1. Roll out materials: If necessary, fix drip-edge flashings, WSU, and roofing felt.  Although metal valley flashing can be installed, it is customary to simply apply an 18-inch-wide strip of roll roofing. Place it on a bed of roofing cement, flatten any creases, and nail it at the edges.

Step 2. Attach the first course: Place the first course about 1/4 inch overhanging the drip edges and roll it out at a length of 8 feet or more. At one end of the rake, insert nails per 3 inches, draw it taut, and put nails along the eave edge. These nails ought to be 1 inch away from the sides. Then, attach a 3-foot-wide strip atop the 18-inches for more protection.

Step 3. Attach the second sheet: The next sheet should overlap the previous by 4 inches or, in the case of some types of roll roofing, quite sufficient to cover the section that is bare of mineral surfacing. Using chalk or pencil, draw a  line marking the top of the next sheet, roll it out along the line, then nail it in place just like the first.

Step 4. Spread the roofing cement: Make sure that no two butt joints are more than 2 feet apart. After that, spread a 6-inch-wide coating of roofing cement along the first sheet’s edge, then hold down the next sheet into the cement.

Step 5. Seal vent: Seal a plumbing vent by spreading roofing cement around the pipe. Make a hole in a piece of roofing (up to 2 feet wide) and slip it over the pipe. The piece should be at least 4 inches longer than the lower course. After that, make a hole in the roll roofing and slip it over the pipe as well. Cement both roofing pieces together. Then, add a boot flashing for extra protection.

Step 6. Overlap the valley: Work two feet across the center of a valley from one side roof. After that, work from the opposite side, overlap the valley, draw a chalk line, and trim the piece at the valley’s center. Set nails at a minimum of 12 inches from the valley’s center and then attach everything closer than 12 inches, using a 4-inch-wide bed of roofing cement.

Step 7. To attach the final piece, you can just use roofing cement and nails to overlap the sheets at the ridge. Notwithstanding, if the last piece fails to extend at a minimum of 8 inches beyond the peak, then make sure the cement’s embedded peak is well covered using a 16-inch-wide strip.

Final thoughts

If you have a sloped roof, you need to remove the roofing materials and place them to flush with the drip corners along with the rake and eave. Then, using the trowel, pour the cement over half of the strips and fix them by pushing the nails’ two rows.

After that, lay the first course in the cement, making sure it only overhangs by 1/4 inch. Finally, be cautious while rolling and situating the roofing, as repositioning is a difficult task. You can now drill nails into its top edge and force it into the cement.

How To Start A Roofing Company?

How To Start A Roofing Company1

The roofing industry is ripe with business potential, particularly as more and more places are being developed and more structures are constructed. Besides, every structure needs a roof, whether a house, a company, a church, a government facility, or a school. Roofers have a steady stream of business because roofs do not last indefinitely.

A lot of roofing companies shut their doors before they even started. However, establishing a roofing company is not difficult if you know how to identify and avoid the pitfalls.

It’s fine to dream big when starting a roofing business, but don’t expect to get rich immediately. Start small, and don’t overextend yourself in terms of infrastructure and marketing. If you grow your company steadily and wisely while controlling your overhead, you’ll reach your target faster and avoid nerve-wracking cash flow concerns.

So, whether you want to start a roofing company or you already have one but aren’t confident if all of your bases are covered, you’ve come to the right site. This article contains pro tips that will better equip you to start and grow your new roofing company like other great competitors you will be up against. Keep reading!

 In essence, here’s how to start a successful roofing company:

1. Plan to avoid failing

 When you’ve decided to go into the roofing business, the first thing you should do is avoid the worst risk of all and employ the service of a competent accountant.

It’s the golden key you’ll need from the start. Try to engage with a professional and reliable accountant, perhaps one recommended by a trustworthy friend, and include them from the beginning. Develop a plan that clearly defines your business goals and how you expect to achieve them before you spend a dime on tools and equipment.

2. Work Out Your Costs

Before you launch your roofing company, you must first figure out how much it is going to cost. Direct costs, such as materials and labor, are simple to calculate, but soft costs, like administrative and marketing expenditures, must be factored in just to break even.

Calculate the costs of everything you will need with your accountant, including:

  • Registration
  • Insurance
  • Website
  • Vehicle
  • Operational expenses (this include salaries and labor wages)
  • Administration
  • Equipment
  • Business premises (if other than your home)
  • Promotional items, etc.

3. Choose your own price

Now that you have your overall cost, you can include a mark-up for profit. When compared to local competitors, you might find that some roofing providers are more expensive, and others are less expensive than you need to charge. The idea is to sell at the price you need to earn a profit; this is where a little more assistance may make all the difference. As a result, it will be great if you look for a mentor who’s been there before you and thrived, besides your accountant.

4. Do a business registration

Another important thing to do while establishing your roofing company is to register it officially. Notwithstanding, it would be best if you register a “doing business as” (DBA) name. This is because a catchy trade roofing business name can carry significantly more economic worth than a family name when it comes time to sell.

When registering, choose between a sole proprietorship, a partnership, a limited liability company (LLC), or a corporation.  To determine which entity is ideal for you, speak with a lawyer in your jurisdiction.

5.  Licensing ( acquire the necessary permits to operate)

Each jurisdiction has its own set of roofing businesses’ contracting licenses. As a result, consult your state/provincial authorities to learn about the regulations in your area.

Each area you operate in may require a local business license. So try to find out if such permits are required in the municipality you intend to operate.

6. Insure Your Future (protect your investment)

Roofing is a physically demanding job, and accidents and injuries do happen. And so, by insuring your business,  you financially safeguard your company, your customers, your employees, and yourself from bodily harm, property damages, and lawsuits.

7. Open a store

You don’t need a complete office to get started with your new roofing business. In fact, you can start your roofing company with just a desk, a phone, and some basic stationery. You can even use your phone’s planner function to book customer appointments.

8. Get your equipment together (It doesn’t matter if it’s new or used)

The type of roofing you offer will determine the equipment and materials you’ll need to start a roofing business. Residential roofing is the most cost-effective and straightforward option to get started, while commercial operations necessitate a larger investment.

You need to keep in mind that most of your initial costs will most likely be spent on equipment. So, buy tools as needed for your work and never spend more money than you need to when you’re first starting.

The following are  a few basic items you may need to get started:

  • Truck.
  • Roof rack.
  • Ladder.
  • Safety harness.
  • Nail gun.
  • Hand tools such as a shingle hatchet.
  • Power ladder (optional).

9. Choose Your Suppliers

Choose the type of roofing material you’d like to work with. After that, it’s time to contact the roofing suppliers in your neighborhood. Check to see whether they have everything you need: if there is a delivery or shipping fee, if you can purchase on credit, and if there are any manufacturer exclusive rebates or promos. Choose the supplier who best meets your requirements.

10. Recruit Your Team

Talking to individuals that come in and out of supplier stores is one of the finest ways to find new roofer personnel. You need people who are at least as knowledgeable about roofing as you are, and this is where you will discover them.

11. Promote Your Company

Avoid paying for advertisement until you’ve exhausted all other options.

There’s a lot you can do before you pay money on advertising to get those roofing projects pouring in. Some of the most cost-effective options include:

  • Well-signed vehicle 
  • Free business listing on Google and other internet directories
  • Lawn signs
  • Free Craigslist ads.
  • Registering with HomeAdvisor/HomeStars.

Besides those mentioned above, you can design, print, and distribute door-to-door flyers in every location where you work as your next step up the sales scale.

Wise words:

  • Before buying additional roofing equipment, ensure your current equipment pays for itself.
  • Only pursue jobs that you can profitably do.
  • Focus on low-risk slanted roofs rather than flat roofs, which may necessitate the use of open-flame torches.

How Much Is Metal Roofing?

How Much Is Metal Roofing1

Installing a metal sheet up on the roof can be beneficial if you seek a long-term investment due to its greater average lifespan, robustness, minimal maintenance, and high return on investment. It’s a one-time commitment that can last anywhere from 50 to 80 years, based on the type of metal.

Metal roofing has become incredibly popular, especially in today’s quest for the ultimate rustic yet contemporary esthetic. And it could be at the top of the priority list of needs for your home if you’re bored of the traditional look of a shingled roof or you’d prefer something more sturdy and durable. 

If you think metal roofs are too expensive, remember that they can span over 80 years, far longer than the standard asphalt shingle roof. Besides, a  metal roof can even be placed on top of old shingles in some situations, reducing the expense of a roof replacement.

If you think of installing a metal roof over your home anytime soon, you have come to the right site. This article will detail everything you need to know about the average cost of installing a metal roof to help guide you during your next purchase.

How Much Does a Metal Roof Cost?

Before we proceed, it’s crucial to keep in mind that “metal roofing” is a broad term that refers to a variety of materials with wide pricing ranges. Metal roofing can cost anywhere between $5,300 and $14,700. As a midpoint to this figure, you can expect to pay around $10,000 on average. In fact, this range varies a lot based on the pitch of your roof, the type of metal roof you place, the material type, the square footage of your home, and the fasteners you use.

Metal Roofing Costs by Type

Regarding roofing materials, metal roofs come in a variety of styles and price ranges. Nevertheless, it’s worth noting that the price of the metal roof per square is computed by square foot and then tallied up to get the total cost per square. This is something you need to understand first, especially when considering purchasing a new roof, replacing an existing one, or talking with a metal roofing contractor/company.

Keep in mind that, while there are options at various price ranges, the expense of metal roofing is a practical investment in the roof over your head, your family, employees, and customers.

Below, we’ve highlighted a brief explanation of some of the most common types of metal roofing:

Aluminum

Aluminum roofing is one of the most durable metal roofing solutions you will find today. The aluminum’s reflective tint reflects radiant heat, keeping your home at a comfortable temperature. As a result, less air conditioning is used, and electricity and energy expenditures are lower.

Besides, aluminum can be the ideal option if you want a roof that can be recycled after you’re done with it. It is even less costly than stainless steel and tin, ranging from $150 to $600 per square.

Furthermore, compared to corrugated metal roofing pieces, aluminum roofing often lasts 40 years or over and is far more resistant to corrosion and leaks. Aluminum roofs also are resistant to fire and can endure extreme weather conditions such as hurricanes as well as other extreme weather conditions.

Steel

Steel is one of the first roofing materials used in the United States. Steel roofs are more resistant to shrinkage, cracking, and erosion than other materials. This extends the life of your roof. Steel roofs typically last 15 to 30 years. They’re a popular choice because of their energy efficiency and recyclability. A galvalume steel sheet costs $75 to $200 per square, while galvanized steel roofing costs $150 to $350 per square.

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel, though more expensive, is a unique and striking option—the Chrysler Building, for example, has a stainless steel roof.Stainless steel roofing can last between 50 to 100 years due to its resistance to corrosion and other features, offering protection for your home. It’s extremely rust-resistant and long-lasting. It also withstands hail damage better than other materials. Stainless steel roofing costs anywhere from $400 to $1200 per square, based on whether it is installed in tiles or sheets.

Copper

Although very durable and requires minimal maintenance, copper roofing is difficult to work with and has a higher price tag — ranging from $800 to $1500 per square. Copper roofs fade to a lovely green tint over time, making them perfect tops for homes with a white or grey exterior. It’s a long-lasting, rust-resistant material, so it’s a wonderful option if you want a metal roof that will endure a long time. Copper is usually chosen by consumers for its natural patina, and it is often utilized for aesthetic accents instead of full roofs.

Zinc

Zinc is an ideal roofing material to consider if you want a high-quality metal roof that is more long-lasting than aluminum and less expensive than copper. It has a self-healing layer that heals scratches and scrapes and can span up to 150 years with little to no maintenance. Zinc can completely resist corrosion if the bottom of the shingles or panels is adequately sealed. A square of zinc roofing can cost anything from $600 to $1,000.

Tin

A tin roof is often created from terne (a steel core covered with a tin alloy). It’s not as common as other metals, but it’s strong and resistant to corrosion. Tin can be coated or left to produce a gray patina, which is a layer that forms over time as a result of oxidation.Tin panels vary in cost depending on the product but typically start at around $3.50 and go up to $14. A tin roof can cost anywhere between $10 and $18.50 per square foot, for a combined amount of $17,000 to $31,450, including installation.

Conclusion

Metal roofing has a higher initial cost than asphalt composite shingles, but it lasts far longer and saves a lot of money on energy expenses. Metal roofs are equivalent in price to slate tile or hardwood shake, but metal is more sturdy and long-lasting. So, compare your actual budget to the money required to maintain different roofing materials before deciding.

How to Measure a Roof?

How to Measure a Roof?

If you are beginning a new home project or having your roof replaced, you may be wondering if the contractor is giving you the correct estimate. You may also want to have your roof’s measurements for other purposes. In either case, you need an accurate record of your roof’s measurements and area. There are several ways to do this, and we are going to look at three of the most common ways below.

For Obvious Shapes

Most homes have roofs that are of a simple shape. These are usually rectangles or squats. For homes with simple and obvious shapes, all you need to do is measure your roof section dimensions. You will need to climb on the roof and physically measure the length and width of rectangular and square sections as well as the length and width and height of triangular sections.

All that remains is to use the formula for calculating the area of the respective shapes and add them up.

Measuring from the Ground

If you do not want to climb onto your roof, the best way to measure your roof is to use the estimation of the roof’s pitch as well as the area of the house. Do note that ground measurements work well only for gabled roofs as you only have two roof sections to measure. For hip roofs and other roof designs, you will need to climb on the roof or work with a contractor.

To measure the roof from the ground, you need to head outside and start stepping backwards until you can barely see the slope of the roof. You need to measure the distance between you and the edge of the roof at the spot where the plane of the roof is just visible. Note this number in inches. This is the horizontal run.

Next, stand directly underneath the roof and measure the distance between your eye and the edge of the roof at the spot you were looking at earlier. Record this distance in inches. This is the roof rise.

Next, divide the roof rise by the horizontal rise to end up with a simplified fraction. For example, if the roof rise is 60 inches and the horizontal run is 120 inches, the fraction will be 6/12.

Measuring the Property

Now, you need to measure the base area of the house. This can be done easily by using a tape measure to measure the length and width of the house from one edge to the other for two perpendicular walls. Multiplying these areas gives you the base area.

Finding the Roof Area

Now that you have the roof pitch, you need to find the pitch multiplier. You can easily find a pitch multiplier table online and these multipliers make it easy to find the roof area without climbing on top.

Multiply the length of the house with the width and then multiply that figure with the pitch multiplier to find the area of the roof.

Using a Diagram

Another way to get an accurate measure of your roof, apart from using formulas of obvious shapes and using the roof pitch, is diagramming. Here, you will need to make an accurate representation of your house on graph paper. This means that you have to climb on the roof and start measuring.

Once you are safely on the roof (do not forget a harness), measure the length and width of all sides of the roof. If you have more than one plane or section on the roof, you need to take measurements of all these planes and sections. Next, you need to measure all additional structures separately. You need to ensure that all measurements are precise before you start graphing.

Once you have measured everything and ensured that the measurements are correct, it is time to transfer everything onto paper. You do not need to be accurate with the drawing but ensure that all parts of the drawing are an actual representation of the actual shapes of the different sections. Ensure each diagram you draw for different sections of the house is accurately labeled with accurate dimensions inside or alongside it. Do not round up the measurements as they can mess up the calculations;instead, use them as is.

Now, divide the diagrams you have drawn into simple geometric shapes like squares, triangles, and rectangles. Use the respective formulas of these shapes to find the area of each shape. Once done, add up all the areas to find the total area of your roof.

There are various ways to measure your roof, with each method having a different level of accuracy. When choosing from either method, ensure that you use a method that works well for the roof you have. For a simple roof, measuring the roof and using the correct formulas to calculate the area of each section helps, while drawing a diagram that outlines all sections of a roof will work for complicated roofs.

How to Tarp a Roof?

How to Tarp a Roof?

There are several scenarios that can warrant tarping your roof. You might, for instance, have noticed the beginnings of a leakage problem. This could have been caused by a fallen branch, severe weather or just gradual deterioration. In any case, an effective tarping job will prevent more costly water damage.

It’s also possible to carry out emergency tarping as a quick, short-term solution while you wait for a contractor to arrive and perform a larger repair. As many homeowners have learned the hard way, it doesn’t take a lot of water for a serious mold, mildew or rotting issue to develop. Therefore, proper tarping is vital to saving money and time on maintenance.

If there appears to be unsavory weather on the horizon, you’ll certainly want to get your roof tarped as soon as possible. So, what does an effective tarping job entail? Here are the steps you need to take.

Get the Right Tools

As with any home maintenance project, equipping yourself with the right tools will make tarping your roof much easier, quicker and safer. In addition to the items listed below, it helps to have a camera or smartphone on hand for planning and surveying. You might also want to take pictures of the damage for your insurance company before starting.

  • Extension ladder
  • Safety equipment (helmet and gloves)
  • Measuring tape
  • Nails or screws
  • Ample tarp

If you plan on using self-adhesive tarp, you will need a heat gun and extension cable as well. A roofing shovel can come in handy for cleaning up when you’re done. Depending on the type of damage, you may also require a few thin wooden boards, about 2×4 or less. These are used to provide your roof with additional protection and structural integrity.

Ensure Your Safety

In most cases, it’s best to leave this job to professionals. However, if you aim to make tarping your roof a DIY project, the following safety precautions should be considered:

  • Approach steep or slippery roofing with toe boards or safety harnesses
  • Enlist the help of another person to spot affected areas
  • Wear safety goggles and boots with rubber soles

Assess the Situation

To avoid wasting money on excess supplies, it’s wise to get an accurate picture of the damage first. Grab your ladder and climb to the edge of your roof. If there’s debris in the way, you can use a broom or rake to get rid of it. Make sure to only move the tool towards you if you have shingles, as pushing the opposite way will only cause further damage.

This is another point where taking pictures can be useful. Before you head out for supplies, remember that larger holes should be covered with plywood boards, which will prevent water from pooling and weighing down the tarp.

Measure Up

If you’re technologically inclined and your smartphone is a newer model, you might be able to use an augmented reality (AR) app to measure your tarping area. Otherwise, a standard tape measure will suffice. Keep an eye out for any broken or missing shingles. These should be included in your measurements.

Place the Tarp

This is where you’ll need those 2×4 planks we mentioned earlier. As you place your tarp on the affected area, use the boards to keep it in place, moving downwards from the peak of your roof. If you need to cover said peak, boards will not be suitable. An effective workaround is to screw in two smaller anchor planks while leaving space around the top.

You should only need a single screw for each plank from the start. From there, the tarp should be sandwiched between another board before being screwed together. Make sure to wrap your 2×4 planks with extra pieces of tarp to seal them from water. Repeat this process along all of the edges, keeping all of the tarp sandwiched between the boards.

Secure the Tarp

Once everything is in place, you can move on to securing the wooden boards. Since water can blow in from underneath the tarp, you’ll need to leave some of the material hanging over your roof. After securing your boards, install another 2×4 plank beneath the end point of your roof and wrap the extra tarp around the board to seal it in.

Tarping Around Features

There are some additional considerations when you need to tarp around roofing features such as chimneys, skylights and plumbing vents.

Of course, you don’t want to be covering any of these elements in tarp as it would be a major safety hazard. In general, you just need to measure and cut a hole in the tarp before placing it to accommodate the feature. After placing the tarp, use quality tape to seal the edges and keep them watertight.

In most cases, an emergency tarping job can cover your roof for up to three months. After that, it’s wise to call an expert service to perform a proper repair.

What Is a Gable Roof?

What Is a Gable Roof?

Whether you are buying a new home, building one or need to change your roof’s design, you need to choose a roofing structure that works best. Also, you must keep in mind the cost of repairs and replacement when either becomes necessary. Apart from the aesthetics, the roof should provide great living conditions by helping protect your home from the elements while remaining energy efficient. While there are different roof types, we are going to be focusing on the gable roof and whether it is a good choice for different types of homes.

What Is a Gable Roof?

The gable is the most popular roof design in most countries. A gable roof is a roof that consists of two sides that slope towards the longer side of the house. The gable itself is the triangular area on the shorter walls that sits between the slopes of the two sides of the gable wall. A hip roof, another common type of roof design, has all sides of the roof sloping towards the wall. Because of this, a hip roof does not have a gable. Because of its distinct look, it is very easy to distinguish a gable roof from other roof types.

A gable roof is easy to construct as it only consists of the ceiling joist for the base and the two rafters that form the roof. The gable roof is also sturdy and simple, built with fewer materials and is not a complicated design compared to other roof types.

Types of Gable Roofs

There are so many variations of the gable roof design. This is because you only need two sloping roof panels and a gable to create one.We are going to look at the four main types.

The first type is the side gable and it is the most common gable design there is. This is where the two sides of the roof are pitched as with traditional gable roofs. When the middle is left open, that becomes an open gable roof and, if the middle is closed, then that is a boxed gable roof.

Next, we have crossed gable roofs. These combine two perpendicular gable roofing sections placed at a right angle. You will often see crossed gable roofs in homes where the owners want to make use out of their attic and so they install windows on the gable on the second roof section. Crossed gable roofs might have sections of the same pitch, height and length or have asymmetric roofing styles for areas like the garage and porch.

The front gable roof often has two gable roofs combined. The main gable roof section is used to cover the larger house, while the smaller section is used to cover and highlight the entrance or the porch.

A Dutch gable roof combines a hip roof and a gable roof style where the gable is added to create more attic space. The gable can also be added to improve the home’s aesthetic or to even increase its value for those looking to sell the home in the future. The construction of a Dutch roof often involves placing a gable roof on top of a hip roof.

The other variations to the gable roof include combining the four main gable roof designs, mixing roofing materials, or even using roofing materials of different colors.

Advantages of a Gable Roof

One of the main advantages of a gable is that because the roof design is very simple and minimalistic, almost any type of roofing material can be used on the roof. Even when you decide to change the design a bit or switch roofing materials, it will be easy to find materials that work for the gable roof design you opt for.

Because of how simple the gable roof design is, construction is also easy which means these roofs are cheaper to construct.

When done right, a gable roof can also leave a lot of space which can be utilized in several ways. Additionally, where there is enough attic space or the roof is of sufficient height, a cross gable can be added to create a living space by allowing the addition of windows.

Gable roofs also allow for greater airflow within homes, which can provide ventilation benefits in warmer climates.

Downsides of a Gable Roof

Some people find the gable roof design to be too dull or plain. This is because there is no sophistication, with most gable roof designs only differentiated by the color of the roofing material as well as only a few design alterations.

Gable roofs are also susceptible to winds especially if they face the wrong way and have too much overhang.

Gable roofs offer homeowners lots of advantages in that they are easier and cheaper to construct, look amazing, and are easier to maintain. They can be added to almost any home and can also be expanded to add additional space to the home through an attic expansion.

How to Remove Moss from a Roof?

How to Remove Moss from a Roof?

Moss growing on your roof might look like something out of a dream, adding an air of quaint to a cute cottage. However, when you come back to the real world, you need to know that moss on your roof can cause some serious harm. If you fail to clear moss clumps from your roof, it can shift shingles out of place and degrade the quality of materials. The best thing you can do is regularly maintain your roof, which will include the removal of moss. If you catch moss early, you can avoid having to pay for expensive repairs. Throughout this article, we will tell you everything you need to know about removing moss from the roof.

Moss Treatments

Before we jump into the how, we’ll give you a quick note on available treatments. Each store-bought moss treatment will work differently, so you will need to check the label. For the most part, you will need to apply the treatment, leave it, and then rinse it off. When you’re cleaning the roof, you need to make sure you’re using the correct amount of chemicals. If you get it wrong, you can cause reactions to the roof and end up having more than just a cleaning task at hand.

If you want to save yourself some money, you can make moss treatments yourself. To do this, you need to add ¼ bleach for each gallon of water you use. Once you’ve done this, pop in some heavy-duty cleaner. For DIY treatments, you should avoid using ammonia-based products because they will let off toxic fumes when it hits the bleach. 

Things You Will Need

Going up onto the roof is dangerous, so you need to make sure you’ve got the correct gear with you:

  • Rubber gloves
  • Soft-bristled brush – preferably long
  • Stable ladder
  • Protective eyewear
  • Your treatment of choice – store-bought or homemade
  • Backpack sprayer – leaving your hands free
  • Garden hose
  • Old clothes and a protective hat
  • Scrubbing brush

Instructions

  1. Before you do anything, you need to make sure you’re wearing protective gear. No matter how careful you are, you will come down from the roof filthy.
  2. If you’ve got any exposed flowers nearby, you need to cover them up to protect them from harsh chemicals.
  3. Position the ladder in a sturdy place and secure it to the building if you’re working along. To ensure you stay on the ladder, you should be wearing non-slip safety boots.
  4. You need to make your way to the top of the roof and use the hose to spray the moss. Water will run down the roof, so there’s no point in starting from the bottom.
  5. Once you’ve got the moss wet, you should remove any large clumps with your long bristle brush. To make the job easier, you should work on square meter patches at a time.
  6. Once an area is clean from moss, you can apply your chosen treatment and follow the solution guidelines. If you’ve used a homemade treatment, you should leave it for 20-minutes and then rinse it off.
  7. Once you’ve rinsed off the treatment, you need to take your brush and put some elbow grease into any remaining moss.
  8. When all of the tiles are clean, you need to rinse the entire roof to double-check. Then, it’s time to pack everything away.

Keep Moss Away

Unfortunately, moss has a habit of coming back. You need to take measures to keep it at bay. The primary reason for moss growth is a lack of sunshine. So, if you’ve got overhanging trees blocking the sun’s path to your roof then it’s time to get rid of them. Further, moss thrives in moist conditions and collects it up like a sponge. You should clean your gutter out and ensure water can flow off your roof freely.

Luckily, there’s a more permanent method of keeping moss away. You need to fetch a strip of copper or zinc and apply it all the way across the ridge of the roof. The copper and zinc hold moss-killing properties that are released during periods of rain. If you carry out this last step, you won’t need to go through the effort of cleaning moss again. All you need to do is maintain the copper wire and carry out other roof maintenance.

Moss may look like a scene from a dream, but the reality is much more a nightmare. If you leave moss to grow and get out of control, you are asking for further damage. Moss will get in between your shingles and force them apart when it has soaked up enough water. You will need to choose an effective cleaner that’s safe for the environment – the last thing you want to do is kill your maintained garden. Remember, to keep the moss away for good, you need to run a copper or zinc wire across the ridge of your roof.

How Long Does a Roof Last?

How Long Does a Roof Last?

How long a roof can be expected to last is an important question, since the roof is a fundamental part of your home. If the roof is not replaced when necessary, it can lead to huge expenses to repair your home along with paying for a new roof to be supplied and fitted.

The lifespan of a roof can be impacted by a number of factors. These include the materials that the roof is made from, the weather conditions in the area where the roof is installed, and how well the roof was installed.

How Often Will a Roof Need to Be Replaced?

The good news is that, in general, roofs have a long lifespan. However, if you have recently acquired a new home, you might find that the roof has already been in place for many years and is coming to the end of its useful life. The life expectancy of a roof will vary depending on the materials that it is made from.

●       Asphalt Shingles:

Asphalt shingles are the most commonly used roofing material type and they are popular on various types of homes throughout the US. They typically last for between 15-25 years. However, there are different asphalt shingle types to consider and some do last longer than others. Cheaper three-tab asphalt shingles typically last around 15-20 years, while the more expensive dimensional or architectural shingles last up to around 25 years or even longer in the right weather conditions. Premium asphalt shingles can last up to thirty years and tend to be the most tolerant in extreme weather conditions.

●       Slate Tiles:

Slate roof tiles are a roofing material with a very long life expectancy. If your roof is made from this, you will be glad to hear that you can expect it to last for around fifty to even one hundred years. This is a very sturdy roofing material that tends to be able to withstand a lot of weather conditions, and a great choice if you need a new roof and want to pick a material that will last.

●       Wood Shakes and Shingles:

Another popular roofing material, wooden roofs can last for around 30-40 years depending on the type of wood used. Cedar is a commonly used material in roofing since it is resistant to common issues like insects and rot. To make sure that a wooden roof achieves the longest possible lifespan, regular maintenance is absolutely essential, including carrying out regular repairs, cleaning and staining the roof.

●       Clay and Concrete:

Clay roof tiles are a material with a long lifespan of between 50-100 years. Concrete, on the other hand, does cost less than clay but also has a rather long lifespan of between 40-75 years, making them both highly durable and long-lasting options to consider.

●       Thatched:

With thatched roofs, the life expectancy of the roof can vary depending on the type of thatching material that is used. These roofs can have a life expectancy of anywhere from fifteen to over forty years. However, bear in mind that there is some additional maintenance required for this type of roof, as the ridge will need to be replaced around once per decade.

●       Metal:

Like many other roofing material types, the life expectancy of a metal roof will differ based on the type of metal used. Zinc, copper, and other premium metals can last for over fifty years, or even for more than one hundred years. While these are some of the most expensive roofing materials available, the durability is often worth the investment. Cheaper metal roofs, such as those made with ribbed panels, typically have a lifespan of around 25-40 years. You can usually expect a standing seam metal roof to last for around fifty years at most. Homes in areas that are at a higher risk of hurricanes may benefit from stone-coated metal tiles, which are highly durable, resistant to weather extremes and last between 30-50 years.

How to Tell If a Roof Has Reached the End of its Lifespan:

Most of the time, a roof will need replacing after a catastrophic event like a tornado, hurricane or house fire. But even without these events, most roofs will naturally require replacing after some time. Asphalt shingles may become buckled, cracked or curled, while wooden roofs may rot, split, or have mold growth present. Cracks and chips in clay tiles are often a major sign that the roof may need replacing soon, while missing shingles and cracks tend to signify the end of life for a slate roof. On a thatched roof, raised nettings and ridges and dips on the roof might appear along with lichen and moss growth. Despite being one of the longest-lasting roofing materials, even metal roofs can have issues after a long time. You may notice leaks in the attic, rust or discoloration of the roof.

Whether you want to estimate how long your roof has left or are considering which material to choose for your new roof, understanding how long different roofing materials last is important for any homeowner.

How to Lay Roofing Shingles?

How to Lay Roofing Shingles?

The roof shingles are a vital part of the construction process. They are small rectangular tiles that are shaped to overlap and keep the rain flowing off the roof. Typically, shingles are made of bitumen or asphalt and are easy to install. Also, they aren’t too expensive, so if you notice any damaged shingles on your roof, don’t hesitate to replace them. If you leave even the smallest roof defects for long, you will be left with extensive damage and a heavy bill. Throughout this guide, we will take a look at everything you need, how to stay safe, and what needs doing before you can start the job.

Before You Get to the Shingles

  1. Before you start laying down shingles, you need to make sure the roof deck has been completed. If you’re laying your shingles over an existing roof, you need to check for quality and make sure the surface is flat.
  2. Further, you need to ensure that there is a felt underlay that isn’t damaged, especially for roofs of an under 1 in 5 gradient. The felt sheets need to overlap each other and be secured using a galvanized nail.
  3. Now, it’s time to fix the shingles. If you have any uneven surfaces on the decking, you will be able to tell once the shingles have been laid.

Preparation State

Before you start laying the shingles, you need to ensure that you’re working on a sufficient underlay. So, you should check for any loose nails or broken parts. You should also make sure that you have the correct type of adhesive for the shingles. Then, you need to gather together the tools for the job, as outlined below.

Things You Need

You don’t need many tools for the job, and you need to avoid taking unnecessary equipment up to the roof because you don’t want it to collapse before you even start. All you need to have up there are clout nails, roof shingles, a Stanley knife, and a detail strip.

Step by Step Instruction

Once you’ve gathered your materials together, you are ready to head up to the roof and start the process. However, make sure that you work from a stable ladder and that you only take up what you need. Also, to protect your head in the event of a fall, you should wear a safety helmet.

  1. First, you need to roll out the detail strip across the line of eaves. To fix, use nails on the top edge using 10mm clout nails. To help form the drip edge, you need to nail the strip to the fascia.
  2. Once you’ve laid down the detail strip, you need to position the shingles to be in line with the verge and eaves. When you lay the shingles, you will slot each row into place so that they overlap. To ensure alignment, you will open a guide slot at the top of the shingle. Ensuring everything is in straight lines is important and will improve your curb appeal.
  3. When it comes to securing the shingles, you will use a 20mm galvanized clout nail and apply it just above the bitumen adhesive strip. If you’ve done the job correctly, you should have five nails per adhesive strip.
  4. Now that you’ve secured the top, you need to seal the bottom of the shingle to the underlay. To do this, you will need a felt adhesive. All you need to do is lift the bottom of the shingle, apply, and stick down firmly.
  5. You need to lay the shingles diagonally across the roof while keeping them square.
  6. To join the overlapping shingle to the bottom, you need to use a powerful hot air gun to activate the adhesive strip. Once you’ve done this, you can firmly secure the shingles.
  7. Once you think the strip is dry, you need to check them to make sure. If you need some extra juice, then apply felt adhesive as you did previously.
  8. You need to follow this procedure all the way up to the top of the ridge. Then, you need to apply shingles to the ridge of the roof.
  9. Just as you did previously, you need to lay a detail strip over the ridge of the roof before you can lay the shingles.
  10. To apply shingles to the ridge, you need to ensure you have the right angle. Then, you will use felt adhesive to ensure there are no gaps between shingles.

Once you’ve finished the steps above, all you need to do is clean up any debris and ensure all nails a fully secure. Then, you can move on to flashing your roof before checking for waterproofness.

Roof construction is important for the home because it protects it from the outside and adds curb appeal. The shingles form the external barrier between the property and the house. Therefore, you need to make sure that you’ve followed all of the steps accurately. If you’re unsure, liaise with an expert.